Android JSONObject – JSON Parsing in Android

Filed Under: Android

Android JSONObject is used for JSON parsing in android apps. In this tutorial we’ll discuss and implement a JSONObject in our android application to parse JSON data. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation.

What is JSON?

JSON is used for data interchange (posting and retrieving) from the server. Hence knowing the syntax and it’s usability is important. JSON is the best alternative for XML and its more readable by human.
JSON is language independent. Because of language in-dependency we can program JSON in any language (Java/C/C++).

A JSON response from the server consists of many fields. An example JSON response/data is given below. We’ll use it as a reference and implement it in our application.


{
  "title":"JSONParserTutorial",
  "array":[
    {
    "company":"Google"
    },
    {
      "company":"Facebook"
    },
    {
    "company":"LinkedIn"
    },
    {
      "company" : "Microsoft"
    },
    {
      "company": "Apple"
    }
    ],
    "nested":{
    "flag": true,
    "random_number":1
    }
}

We’ve create a random JSON data string from this page. It’s handy for editing JSON data.

A JSON data consists of 4 major components that are listed below:

  1. Array: A JSONArray is enclosed in square brackets ([). It contains a set of objects
  2. Object: Data enclosed in curly brackets ({) is a single JSONObject. Nested JSONObjects are possible and are very commonly used
  3. Keys: Every JSONObject has a key string that’s contains certain value
  4. Value: Every key has a single value that can be of any type string, double, integer, boolean etc

Android JSONObject

We’ll create a JSONObject from the static JSON data string given above and display the JSONArray in a ListView. We’ll change the application name to the title string in the JSON data.

JSON Parsing in Android Example

Below image shows the android studio project for json parsing example. The project consists of the default activity and layout (with a ListView).

json parsing in android, android JSONObject

Android JSON Parsing Code

The activity_main.xml is given below.


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="com.journaldev.jsonparsing.MainActivity">

    <ListView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/list_view"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"/>

</RelativeLayout>

The MainActivity.java is given below.


package com.journaldev.jsonparsing;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;

import android.widget.ListView;

import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {


    String json_string = "{\n" +
            "  \"title\":\"JSONParserTutorial\",\n" +
            "  \"array\":[\n" +
            "    {\n" +
            "    \"company\":\"Google\"\n" +
            "    },\n" +
            "    {\n" +
            "      \"company\":\"Facebook\"\n" +
            "    },\n" +
            "    {\n" +
            "    \"company\":\"LinkedIn\"\n" +
            "    },\n" +
            "    {\n" +
            "      \"company\" : \"Microsoft\"\n" +
            "    },\n" +
            "    {\n" +
            "      \"company\": \"Apple\"\n" +
            "    }\n" +
            "    ],\n" +
            "    \"nested\":{\n" +
            "    \"flag\": true,\n" +
            "    \"random_number\":1\n" +
            "    }\n" +
            "}";


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        try {

            ListView listView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.list_view);
            
            List<String> items = new ArrayList<>();
            JSONObject root = new JSONObject(json_string);

            JSONArray array= root.getJSONArray("array");

            this.setTitle(root.getString("title"));

            for(int i=0;i<array.length();i++)
            {
                JSONObject object= array.getJSONObject(i);
                items.add(object.getString("company"));
            }

            ArrayAdapter<String> adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,
                    android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, items);

            if (listView != null) {
                listView.setAdapter(adapter);
            }

            JSONObject nested= root.getJSONObject("nested");
            Log.d("TAG","flag value "+nested.getBoolean("flag"));

        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }


    }
}

We’ve iterated through the JSONArray object and fetched the strings present in each child JSONObject and added them to a ArrayList that’s displayed in the ListView. The application name is changed using :


this.setTitle();

Android JSONObject Example Output

The output of the application is given below. You can see the title name changed in the ToolBar at the top.

Android JSONObject, JSON Parsing in android app

Google has released a Volley Library for JSON Parsing. We’ll implement that in later tutorials. GSON is a Java library that converts Java Objects into JSON and vice versa.

This brings an end to android JSONObject tutorial. Our aim was to give a overview of JSON Parsing in android since JSON is the accepted standard these days for transmitting data between servers/web applications.

Android JSON parsing will be very handy when we develop applications that send and receive data from the server. You can download the Android JSON Parsing Project from the below link.

Reference: Official Documentation

Comments

  1. Dhara Dadhaniya says:

    How to get value for radio Button in json through two value jobseeker & jobprovider plz help me

  2. keshav says:

    json parsing of object or array of only numbers i try to find it everywhere not a single solution as take it as a challenge and pls help me.

  3. Akansha Rattan says:

    Hi, can you please tell me how would you parse this JSON in Android Studio”

    {
    “Article”:[
    {
    “InvDepartmentId”:”001000000000012″,
    “InvDepartmentName”:”mens”,
    “InvCategoryId”:”001000000000023″,
    “InvCategoryName”:”adult”,
    “InvSubCategoryId”:”001000000000021″,
    “InvSubCategoryName”:”abc”,
    “ArticleId”:”001000000000186″,
    “ArticleNo”:”test22246″,
    “ArticleWSP”:1100.00,
    “CreatedOn”:”2018-09-14T12:51:04″,
    “LastUpdate”:”2018-09-14T12:51:30.823″
    }

    I have written this code until now:

    StringRequest stringRequest = new StringRequest(Request.Method.GET, url, new Response.Listener() {
    @Override
    public void onResponse(String response) {
    try {

    JSONObject js = new JSONObject(response);
    JSONArray jsonArray = js.getJSONArray(Constants.Article);
    String InvDepartmentId = jsonArray.getString(Integer.parseInt(“InvDepartmentId”));
    String InvDepartmentName = jsonArray.getString(Integer.parseInt(“InvDepartmentName”));
    String InvCategoryId = jsonArray.getString(Integer.parseInt(“InvCategoryId”));

    Help would be highly appreciated.Thanks !

  4. basic says:

    Simple and to the point, Helpful article.

  5. khushbu says:

    I really love ur all tutorials, But sorry to say this1 is not that upto the mark.
    You could have shown it with how to get json data from url…..using HTTPHandler
    Also asynctask can be used in this.

    If possible can you update your this tutorial accordingly. (Just a suggestion)

    Thanks

    1. Anupam says:

      Hi Khushbu,
      The goal of this tutorial was to show JSON Parsing only. Hence I’d stayed away from using Async Tasks.
      Thank you for feedback. To get JSON data from url using Async Tasks is demonstrated here: https://www.journaldev.com/12607/android-login-registration-php-mysql

      Thanks

  6. shihab says:

    Woow man..Your teaching style is so cool..I am totally impressed..Carry on..
    Thank You..

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