Fix for log4j WARN No appenders could be found for logger, Please initialize the log4j system properly

Filed Under: Java

If you are reading this, you must be using log4j framework and got below error message.


log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger
log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.
log4j:WARN See http://logging.apache.org/log4j/1.2/faq.html#noconfig for more info.

Log4j warning for no appenders will come to console for standalone applications and in server logs for web applications running into some servlet container such as Tomcat or JBoss.

There could be multiple reasons for log4j warning no appenders found, let’s look at common reasons and how to fix them.

  1. log4j.xml or log4j.properties file are not in classpath

This is the most common reason, log4j framework look for log4j.xml or log4j.properties file in the classpath of your application. If you have a maven based application, you can create a source folder and put the configuration files there, as shown in below image.

log4j warn no appenders

If you are using log4j in web applications then check for this configuration file at WEB-INF/classes directory. If it’s not there then check that your source folders are properly configured.

  1. log4j configuration file name is something different

Log4j looks for standard file names, so if your log4j configuration file name is myapp-log4j.xml or myapp-log4j.properties then log4j won’t be able to load it automatically and you will get standard warning message.

For standalone java application, you can fix it easily through configuring it inside main method before using it. For example;


/**
 * method to init log4j configurations, should be called first before using logging
 */
private static void init() {
	DOMConfigurator.configure("myapp-log4j.xml");
	// OR for property file, should use any one of these
	//PropertyConfigurator.configure("myapp-log4j.properties");
}

But you can’t use this simple approach with web application, because the configuration file is inside WEB-INF/classes directory. You can do this configuration through ServletContextListener as shown in below code.


public final class Log4jInitListener implements ServletContextListener {
 
    public void contextDestroyed(ServletContextEvent paramServletContextEvent)  { 
    }
 
    public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent servletContext)  { 
        String webAppPath = servletContext.getServletContext().getRealPath("/");
    String log4jFilePath = webAppPath + "WEB-INF/classes/myapp-log4j.xml";
        DOMConfigurator.configure(log4jFilePath);
        System.out.println("initialized log4j configuration from file:"+log4jFilePath);
    }
     
}

Another approach is to set the log4j.configuration system property through java options like below.

-Dlog4j.configuration=file:///path/to/your/myapp-log4j.xml

Log4j framework is smart enough to use DOMConfigurator or PropertyConfigurator based on the file extension.

That’s all, log4j is simple to use once you get hold of these initial issues.

References:

Comments

  1. TejaMiryala says:

    We are using log4j2.xml file in our web application and those are present in WEB-INF/classes location. But we are still getting this issue in our Tomcat logs. Though it is not a showstopper still I’m curious to know why are we getting this and how can it be permanently fixed.

  2. mkrawetko says:

    What if you use log4j 2? and not log4j 1.2

  3. salif says:

    je ne comprends ///path/to/your/myapp-log4j.xml??Pourriez-vous m’expliquer??

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