Spring Boot Actuator Endpoints

Filed Under: Spring

Spring Boot Actuator Endpoints lets us monitor and interact with our application. Spring Actuator is a Spring Boot sub-module and provides built-in endpoints that we can enable and disable for our application.

Spring Boot Actuator Endpoints

Spring Boot Actuator Endpoints are exposed over JMX and HTTP, most of the times we use HTTP based Actuator endpoints because they are easy to access over the browser, CURL command, shell scripts etc.

Some of the useful actuator endpoints are:

  1. beans: this endpoint returns the list of all the beans configured in our application.
  2. env: provides information about the Spring Environment properties.
  3. health: Shows application health
  4. info: Displays application information, we can configure this in Spring environment properties.
  5. mappings: Displays the list of all @RequestMapping paths.
  6. shutdown: allows us to gracefully shutdown the application.
  7. threaddump: provides the thread dump of the application.

You can get the complete list of spring actuator endpoints from here.

Spring Actuator Endpoints Security

Only “health” and “info” endpoints are exposed without any security, for accessing all other endpoints we need to configure our application for spring security. This is very easy to achieve, we will get to it in the later part of the tutorial.

Enable Spring Actuator Endpoints

When we add Spring Actuator Dependencies to our spring boot project, it automatically enables actuator endpoints.

Add below dependencies to your spring application to enable spring boot actuator endpoints.


<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
</dependency>

Now when you will run the application, you will see actuator endpoints being mapped in the logs.


2018-06-19 15:23:20.715  INFO 6493 --- [main] o.s.b.a.e.web.EndpointLinksResolver: Exposing 2 endpoint(s) beneath base path '/actuator'
2018-06-19 15:23:20.723  INFO 6493 --- [main] s.b.a.e.w.s.WebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/actuator/health],methods=[GET],produces=[application/vnd.spring-boot.actuator.v2+json || application/json]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.web.servlet.AbstractWebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping$OperationHandler.handle(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.String>)
2018-06-19 15:23:20.724  INFO 6493 --- [main] s.b.a.e.w.s.WebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/actuator/info],methods=[GET],produces=[application/vnd.spring-boot.actuator.v2+json || application/json]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.web.servlet.AbstractWebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping$OperationHandler.handle(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.String>)

Notice that only two endpoints – health and info has been mapped.

Below image shows the output of these actuator endpoints.

spring boot actuator endpoints health

spring boot actuator endpoint info

Did you noticed that there is no data in the /actuator/info, it’s because we haven’t configured them. Just add following properties to your application.properties file.


info.app.name=Spring Actuator Example
info.app.java.version=10
info.app.type=Spring Boot

Restart the application and you will get following output:

spring boot actuator info properties value

Customizing Actuator End Points Base Path

By default base-path of actuator endpoints is /actuator, we can change it to any other value by setting management.endpoints.web.base-path in application properties file.


management.endpoints.web.base-path=/management

Exposing Other Actuator Endpoints

We can enable and disable other actuator endpoints through property files.

If you want to enable all actuator endpoints, then add following property.


management.endpoints.web.exposure.include=*

To enable only specific actuator endpoints, provide the list of endpoint id.


management.endpoints.web.exposure.include=health,info,beans,env

Spring Security for Actuator Endpoints

Note that we need to add Spring Security to our application for enabling additional endpoints because all other endpoints need at least basic authentication.

Add following dependency for spring security in your application.


<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>

Also, add spring security username and password in application properties file.


spring.security.user.name=pankaj
spring.security.user.password=pankaj

Restart the application and you will see additional endpoints being mapped.


2018-06-19 16:18:22.211  INFO 6627 --- [main] s.b.a.e.w.s.WebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/management/beans],methods=[GET],produces=[application/vnd.spring-boot.actuator.v2+json || application/json]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.web.servlet.AbstractWebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping$OperationHandler.handle(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.String>)
2018-06-19 16:18:22.212  INFO 6627 --- [           main] s.b.a.e.w.s.WebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/management/env],methods=[GET],produces=[application/vnd.spring-boot.actuator.v2+json || application/json]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.web.servlet.AbstractWebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping$OperationHandler.handle(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.String>)
2018-06-19 16:18:22.212  INFO 6627 --- [           main] s.b.a.e.w.s.WebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/management/env/{toMatch}],methods=[GET],produces=[application/vnd.spring-boot.actuator.v2+json || application/json]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.web.servlet.AbstractWebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping$OperationHandler.handle(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.String>)

Now when you will try to access the secured actuator endpoints, you will have to provide login credentials.

spring boot actuator endpoint security username password

Below images shows the response of beans and env/java.home endpoints.

spring boot actuator endpoint beans

spring boot actuator endpoint env java.home

Spring Actuator Custom Endpoints

One of the great features of Spring Framework is that it’s very easy to extend. We can create our own custom actuator endpoints using @Endpoint annotation on a class. Then we have to use @ReadOperation, @WriteOperation, or @DeleteOperation annotations on the methods to expose them as actuator endpoint bean.

We can create technology-specific Endpoints using @JmxEndpoint and @WebEndpoint annotations.

Here is an example of our own custom spring actuator endpoint.


package com.journaldev.spring;

import org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.annotation.Endpoint;
import org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.annotation.ReadOperation;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Endpoint(id="myendpoint")
@Component
public class MyCustomEndpoints {

	@ReadOperation
	@Bean
	public String hi() {
		return "Hi from custom endpoint";
	}
}

Did you notice the endpoint id? We also need to configure this in the list of actuator endpoints to be enabled.

Update following properties in application.properties file.


management.endpoints.web.exposure.include=health,info,beans,env,myendpoint

Now when you will start the application, check for this new endpoint being mapped in the logs.


2018-06-19 17:06:59.743  INFO 6739 --- [main] s.b.a.e.w.s.WebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/management/myendpoint],methods=[GET],produces=[application/vnd.spring-boot.actuator.v2+json || application/json]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.web.servlet.AbstractWebMvcEndpointHandlerMapping$OperationHandler.handle(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.String>)

Below image shows the output when we invoke our custom actuator endpoint.

spring boot actuator custom endpoint

Summary

Spring Boot Actuator is a production ready management and information module. We can easily extend it to add our own APIs and manage our application.

You can download the complete project from our GitHub Repository.

Comments

  1. count023 says:

    Hi!

    I uses spring-boot-starter-actuator:1.5.2.RELEASE and the only thing for configuring the base-path (in application.YML) which worked was:
    “`
    management:
    contextPath: /actuator
    “`
    @see org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.ManagementServerProperties#contextPath

    Otherwise the endpoints of Actuator have been mapped to the application BasePath – in my case ROOT (“/”)

    Greats!

  2. MKhan says:

    Really awesome.

  3. praveen verma says:

    Hi Sir,

    I need full Spring Boot Tutorials.

  4. xaan says:

    Hi Pankaj,
    Help me to get entire console log thru endpoint if it is possible using actuator or by other means.

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