Python String Substring

Filed Under: Python

A substring is the part of a string. Python string provides various methods to create a substring, check if it contains a substring, index of substring etc. In this tutorial, we will look into various operations related to substrings.

Python String Substring

Let’s first look at two different ways to create a substring.

Create a Substring

We can create a substring using string slicing. We can use split() function to create a list of substrings based on specified delimiter.


s = 'My Name is Pankaj'

# create substring using slice
name = s[11:]
print(name)

# list of substrings using split
l1 = s.split()
print(l1)

Output:


Pankaj
['My', 'Name', 'is', 'Pankaj']

python string create substring using slice and split

Checking if substring is found

We can use in operator or find() function to check if substring is present in the string or not.


s = 'My Name is Pankaj'

if 'Name' in s:
    print('Substring found')

if s.find('Name') != -1:
    print('Substring found')

Note that find() function returns the index position of the substring if it’s found, otherwise it returns -1.
python string contains substring

Count of Substring Occurrence

We can use count() function to find the number of occurrences of a substring in the string.


s = 'My Name is Pankaj'

print('Substring count =', s.count('a'))

s = 'This Is The Best Theorem'
print('Substring count =', s.count('Th'))

Output:


Substring count = 3
Substring count = 3

python string substring count

Find all indexes of substring

There is no built-in function to get the list of all the indexes for the substring. However, we can easily define one using find() function.


def find_all_indexes(input_str, substring):
    l2 = []
    length = len(input_str)
    index = 0
    while index < length:
        i = input_str.find(substring, index)
        if i == -1:
            return l2
        l2.append(i)
        index = i + 1
    return l2


s = 'This Is The Best Theorem'
print(find_all_indexes(s, 'Th'))

Output: [0, 8, 17]

python string list of substring indexes positions

You can checkout complete python script and more Python examples from our GitHub Repository.

Comments

  1. nitin says:

    program executed,but the list is not printed

  2. Jorge says:

    Thanks for the examples and explanations, are great.

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