Download Selenium JARs and Configure in Eclipse

Filed Under: Selenium

Selenium provides its API implementation in multiple programming languages. However, Selenium API Java-based bindings are the most popular. In this tutorial, we will learn how to download Selenium JARs and configure Eclipse IDE to use them in writing test scripts.

To configure Eclipse with Selenium WebDriver, we need to perform the following activities:

  1. Installing Java
  2. Installing Eclipse IDE
  3. Configure Eclipse IDE with WebDriver

Installing Java

  • Step 1: Go to the official website (https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads) and click on the Download tab.
  • Java Download

    Java Download

  • Step 2: Click Icon under Java SE Downloads
  • Java SE Downloads

    Java SE Downloads

  • Step 3: Accept the License Agreement and choose the JDK that corresponds to your Operating System.
  • Java License

    Java License

  • Step 4: Once the download is complete, run the executable file to install JDK in Windows. Perform similar steps for Mac DMG file. For Linux, you just need to untar and set PATH variable to execute java commands.
  • Java Exe

    Java Exe

There has been a major change in the Java Licensing from Java 11 onwards. For commercial purpose, Oracle JDK is not free anymore. However, you can use OpenJDK, which is absolutely free to use in production environment. Read more about it at Java 11 Features.

Installing Eclipse IDE

Let’s see how to install Eclipse IDE for Windows. The steps are almost similar for Mac and Linux operating systems too. You have to follow similar steps with the Eclipse installer files of the corresponding operating system.

  • Step 1: Go to the Eclipse official website and click Download button of Eclipse IDE icon.
  • Eclipse IDE

    Eclipse IDE

  • Step 2: Once the download is complete, run the exe file to start Eclipse installer application for Windows.
  • Eclipse Exe

    Eclipse Exe

  • Step 3: Click “Eclipse IDE for Java Developers” in the installer window.
  • Eclipse IDE Java

    Eclipse IDE Java

  • Step 4: After that, a new window will open. Change the Installation Folder path to “C:\eclipse” and click on install button.
  • Eclipse Install

    Eclipse Install

  • Step 5: After successful completion of installation, a new window will open. Click on the Launch button in the new window.
  • Eclipse Launch

    Eclipse Launch

  • Step 6: This will launch Eclipse IDE for you. From next time onwards, you can start Eclipse from its installation folder.
  • Eclipse Icon

    Eclipse Icon

Selenium JARs Download

Basically, selenium is not installed, it is configured. We just need to download the jars and include in eclipse.

  • Step 1: Go to the official website and click on Download tab.
  • Selenium Download

    Selenium

  • Step 2: Click on Download link to download the jars for selenium.
  • Selenium Download JARs

    Selenium Download Java

  • Step 3: Extract the downloaded folder and we will get the folder like selenium-java-3.141.59.
  • Selenium Extract ZIP

    Selenium Extract

Configure Eclipse IDE with Selenium WebDriver

  • Step 1: Launch the “eclipse.exe” file inside the eclipse installation folder.
  • Step 2: When asked to select for a workspace, just click Launch button to accept the default location.
  • Eclipse Workspace

    Eclipse Workspace

  • Step 3: Create a new Java Project from File > New > Project.
  • Java Project

    Java Project

  • Step 4: Give your Project name ‘Testing‘ as shown below. Click on Finish button.
  • Project Name

    Project Name

  • Step 5: Right click on Project name Testing and select New > Package.
  • Java Package

    Java Package

  • Step 6: Give Package name automation and click on Finish button.
  • Package Name

    Package Name

    Now you can see a new package name automation under project name Testing.

    Package

    Package

  • Step 7: Right click on package automation and select New > Class.
    Class Package

    Class Package

  • Step 8: Give Class name Test, check the option checkbox public static void main and click on Finish button.
    Class Name

    Class Name

  • Step 9: Now your Eclipse window will look something like below.
  • Eclipse Window

    Eclipse Window

  • Step 10: Now we add few lines of Selenium code without adding JAR files. Below image shows us the error message when we won’t add jar files.
  • Sample SeleniumCode

    Sample Selenium Code

    Let’s go ahead and add Selenium JAR files to our project to fix these errors.

  • Step 11: Right click on Project Testing. Select Properties > Java build Path. Then click on Libraries tab and click Add External JARs.
  • Java Build Path

    Java Build Path

  • Step 12: Add client-combined jar from the selenium jars folder.
  • Selenium Jar

    Selenium Jar

  • Step 13: Add all the jars under libs folder.
  • Selenium Libs

    Selenium Libs

  • Step 14: Click Apply and Close button.
  • Selenium Jars

    Selenium Jars

  • Step 15: Now your Project Package Explorer window should look similar to the below image. Also, the errors related to Selenium classes would have been disappeared. Here we need to import WebDriver and ChromeDriver classes.
  • Selenium Import Libraries

    Selenium Import Libraries

    That’s it. Our Eclipse Java project is configured to use selenium classes.

Selenium Maven Dependencies

Most of the java project these days use Maven as the build tool. In that case, it’s very easy to import selenium jars into your project. Just add the following dependencies into your project pom.xml file.


<dependency>
    <groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
    <artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>
    <version>3.141.59</version>
</dependency>  

If you are new to maven project, here are the steps to follow.

  • Step 1: Open Eclipse then go to File > New > Project.
  • General Project

    General Project

  • Step 2: In the new project window, there are many wizard to choose. Select Maven Project under Maven category and click on Next button.
  • Maven Project

    Maven Project

  • Step 3: Click on Next button in the new screen. Don’t forget to select the “Use default Workspace location” option.
  • Default Workspace

    Default Workspace

  • Step 4: Select the maven-archetype-quickstart in the next screen and click on Next button.
  • Maven

    Maven

  • Step 5: Enter Group Id, Artifact Id and click on Finish button.
  • GroupId ArtifactId

    GroupId ArtifactId

  • Step 6: Once the project is created you can see the maven project in the project explorer.
  • Maven Project New

    Maven Project New

  • Step 7: Double click on pom.xml and you will get the source code of pom.xml in the editor.
  • Pom Xml

    Pom Xml

  • Step 8: We need selenium maven dependencies configuration to add to our project. Head over to https://www.seleniumhq.org/download/maven.jsp. Here Selenium guys have provided maven dependency information. Just copy them as we need to paste it in pom.xml file.
  • Maven Dependency

    Selenium Maven Dependency

  • Step 9: Open pom.xml file and create <dependencies> tag and paste the dependency code inside it. Save the pom.xml file changes.
  • Maven Dependencies

    Selenium Maven Dependencies

  • Step 10: Check your project “Maven Dependencies” to confirm that selenium jars has been downloaded and included in the project.
    Maven Project Dependencies

    Maven Project Dependencies

Selenium Gradle Dependencies

Gradle is also a popular build tool and used by a lot of projects. If you are using Gradle, then add below dependencies to your build.gradle file.

compile "org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:3.141.59"
Selenium Gradle Dependencies

Selenium Gradle Dependencies

Summary

We learned how to configure our system to start working with Selenium. We installed Java, Eclipse and created a new project and added selenium jars to it. However, it’s better to use Maven or Gradle build tools for our project, we also learned how to add Selenium jars using maven and Gradle script.

References: Java SE Download, Eclipse Download,Selenium Jars

Comments

  1. lakshmi says:

    Thanks for step by step configuration maven project

  2. Narendra says:

    Thanks for step by step configuration of Selenium

  3. Siva Kumar says:

    This is a very helpful for beginners, especially the snaps are pretty good, Thanks for sharing this procedure

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