When exiting the shell of a Linux System, all running processes are usually terminated or hang up. So what do you do If you still want to keep the processes running even exiting the shell/terminal? This is where the nohup command comes in.
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Nohup, short for no hang up is a command in Linux systems that keep processes running even after exiting the shell or terminal.
Nohup prevents the processes or jobs from receiving the SIGHUP (Signal Hang UP) signal. This is a signal that is sent to a process upon closing or exiting the terminal. In this guide, we take a look at the nohup command and demonstrate how it can be used.
Nohup Command Syntax
Nohup command syntax is as follows;
nohup command arguments
Let’s see how the command comes into play
Checking the version of Nohup
You can begin by checking the version of Nohup using the syntax below
Starting a process using Nohup
If you want to keep your processes/jobs running, precede the command with
nohup as shown below. The jobs will still continue running in the shell and will not get killed upon exiting the shell or terminal.
From the output above, the output of the command has been saved to
nohup.out to verify this run,
Additionally, you can opt to redirect the output to a different file as shown
nohup ./hello.sh > output.txt
Once again, to view the file run
To redirect to a file and to standard error and output use the
> filename 2>&1 attribute as shown
nohup ./hello.sh > myoutput.txt >2&1
Starting a process in the background using Nohup
To start a process in the background use the
& symbol at the end of the command. In this example, we are pinging google.com and sending it to the background.
nohup ping google.com &
To check the process when resuming the shell use the
pgrep command as shown
pgrep -a ping
If you want to stop or kill the running process, use the
killcommand followed by the process ID as shown
- All processes that are run using the nohup command will ignore the SIGHUP signal even upon exiting the shell.
- Once a job is started or executed using the nohup command, stdin will not be available to the user.
- By default, the
nohup.outis used as the default file for stdout and stderr.