[Solved] org.hibernate.AnnotationException: No identifier specified for entity Class

Filed Under: Hibernate

Recently I was working on a hibernate project and I have added few entity beans, when executed I got below exception stack trace.


Initial SessionFactory creation failed.org.hibernate.AnnotationException: No identifier specified for entity: com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Address
org.hibernate.AnnotationException: No identifier specified for entity: com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Address
	at org.hibernate.cfg.InheritanceState.determineDefaultAccessType(InheritanceState.java:277)
	at org.hibernate.cfg.InheritanceState.getElementsToProcess(InheritanceState.java:224)
	at org.hibernate.cfg.AnnotationBinder.bindClass(AnnotationBinder.java:775)
	at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration$MetadataSourceQueue.processAnnotatedClassesQueue(Configuration.java:3788)
	at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration$MetadataSourceQueue.processMetadata(Configuration.java:3742)
	at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.secondPassCompile(Configuration.java:1410)
	at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildSessionFactory(Configuration.java:1844)
	at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateUtil.buildSessionFactory(HibernateUtil.java:22)
	at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory(HibernateUtil.java:34)
	at com.journaldev.hibernate.main.HibernateExample.main(HibernateExample.java:15)
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
	at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateUtil.buildSessionFactory(HibernateUtil.java:29)
	at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory(HibernateUtil.java:34)
	at com.journaldev.hibernate.main.HibernateExample.main(HibernateExample.java:15)

The issue was coming because I forgot to specify primary key in my Entity bean, my bean was defined as;

Address.java


package com.journaldev.hibernate.model;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.OneToOne;
import javax.persistence.PrimaryKeyJoinColumn;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;
import org.hibernate.annotations.Parameter;

@Entity
@Table(name = "ADDRESS")
@Access(value=AccessType.FIELD)
public class Address {

	@Column(name = "emp_id", unique = true, nullable = false)
	@GeneratedValue(generator = "gen")
	@GenericGenerator(name = "gen", strategy = "foreign", parameters = { @Parameter(name = "property", value = "employee") })
	private long id;

	@Column(name = "address_line1")
	private String addressLine1;

	@Column(name = "zipcode")
	private String zipcode;

	@Column(name = "city")
	private String city;

	@OneToOne
	@PrimaryKeyJoinColumn
	private Employee employee;

	public long getId() {
		return id;
	}

	public void setId(long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public String getAddressLine1() {
		return addressLine1;
	}

	public void setAddressLine1(String addressLine1) {
		this.addressLine1 = addressLine1;
	}

	public String getZipcode() {
		return zipcode;
	}

	public void setZipcode(String zipcode) {
		this.zipcode = zipcode;
	}

	public String getCity() {
		return city;
	}

	public void setCity(String city) {
		this.city = city;
	}

	public Employee getEmployee() {
		return employee;
	}

	public void setEmployee(Employee employee) {
		this.employee = employee;
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "AddressLine1= " + addressLine1 + ", City=" + city
				+ ", Zipcode=" + zipcode;
	}
}

All I needed to fix the issue was to annotate the primary key field with @Id annotation. I changed my id field declaration to below and issue was resolved.


@Id
@Column(name = "emp_id", unique = true, nullable = false)
@GeneratedValue(generator = "gen")
@GenericGenerator(name = "gen", strategy = "foreign", parameters = { @Parameter(name = "property", value = "employee") })
private long id;

This is an easy fix but there is one scenario where it becomes more confusing. Usually hibernate automatically figures out the way to access the bean properties based on the annotations used on variable or getter-setter. However, We can explicitly define access type for our entity beans. There are two types of access types:

  1. Field: Hibernate will look for annotations on variables in this case, like we have defined for Address class above as @Access(value=AccessType.FIELD).
  2. Property: Hibernate will look for annotations on getter-setter methods in this case, syntax for this is @Access(value=AccessType.PROPERTY)

If the annotations are not defined as per access type, then also we will get this exception. For example if the access type is property and we have added all the annotations on bean variables, we will get this exception.

A sample class that will throw this exception is given below.

Employee.java


package com.journaldev.hibernate.model;

import javax.persistence.Access;
import javax.persistence.AccessType;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.OneToOne;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import org.hibernate.annotations.Cascade;

@Entity
@Table(name = "EMPLOYEE")
@Access(value=AccessType.FIELD)
public class Employee {

	private long id;

	private String name;

	private double salary;

	private Address address;

	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
	@Column(name = "emp_id")
	public long getId() {
		return id;
	}

	public void setId(long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	@OneToOne(mappedBy = "employee")
	@Cascade(value = org.hibernate.annotations.CascadeType.ALL)
	public Address getAddress() {
		return address;
	}

	public void setAddress(Address address) {
		this.address = address;
	}

	@Column(name = "emp_name")
	public String getName() {
		System.out.println("Employee getName called");
		return name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		System.out.println("Employee setName called");
		this.name = name;
	}

	@Column(name = "emp_salary")
	public double getSalary() {
		return salary;
	}

	public void setSalary(double salary) {
		this.salary = salary;
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Id= " + id + ", Name= " + name + ", Salary= " + salary
				+ ", {Address= " + address + "}";
	}

}

Notice that all the JPA annotations are used with getter methods whereas access type is defined as Field, just change the access type to property to solve this issue.

Comments

  1. govindraju says:

    I Got the exception in Hibernate 4 (4.3.10.Final)

    Caused by: org.hibernate.AnnotationException: No identifier specified for entity

    Solution :
    My Entity class was mapped only for ready only data.
    So I changed to @Embeddable annotaion instead of @Entity annotation.

    @Embeddable
    //@Entity
    @Table(name=”geonames”)
    public class Geoname implements Serializable {

    //no PK. or embedded key
    private String name;
    private String street;

    }

  2. Madhavi says:

    Hi Pankaj,

    Can you please tell how to configure id column if I’m doing XML configuration instead of annotations?

  3. Jonck says:

    Thanks mate, this was precisely my problem, great explanation to a not-so-easy-to-trace problem.

  4. Abdulah says:

    Nice article. Thanks!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

close
Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in posts
Search in pages