Install MongoDB on Linux

Filed Under: MongoDB

Sometime back I wrote a post on how to install MongoDB on Mac OS X. However most of the development usually happens on Unix/Linux machines. So today we will look into how to install MongoDB on linux system.

Install MongoDB on Linux

install mongodb on linux
Current version of MongoDB is 3.4.7 and I will be installing 64-bit version through command line. The steps to install MongoDB on Linux are very simple, just follow the below terminal commands to download and install it.

  1. Download and extract the MongoDB binaries
  2. 
    root@dev [/home/journal]# mkdir mongodb
    root@dev [/home/journal]# cd mongodb/
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# curl -O https://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7.tgz
      % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                     Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
    100 82.7M  100 82.7M    0     0  1704k      0  0:00:49  0:00:49 --:--:-- 1334k
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# tar xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7.tgz
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/README
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/THIRD-PARTY-NOTICES
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/MPL-2
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/GNU-AGPL-3.0
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongodump
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongorestore
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongoexport
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongoimport
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongostat
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongotop
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/bsondump
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongofiles
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongooplog
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongoreplay
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongoperf
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongod
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongos
     mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7/bin/mongo
    
  3. Add MongoDB bin directory to PATH variable
  4. 
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7 mongodb
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# cd mongodb
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# echo $PATH
    /usr/local/jdk/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin:/root/bin
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# export PATH=$PATH:/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin
    
  5. Create directory for MongoDB files and start it
  6. 
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# mkdir data
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# cd bin
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# ./mongod --dbpath /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data &
    [1] 30387
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# 2014-08-04T13:56:05.916+0000 [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=30387 port=27017 dbpath=/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data 64-bit host=dev.journaldev.com
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] db version v3.4.7
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] git version: 255f67a66f9603c59380b2a389e386910bbb52cb
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] build info: Linux build12.nj1.10gen.cc 2.6.32-431.3.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Jan 3 21:39:27 UTC 2014 x86_64 BOOST_LIB_VERSION=1_49
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] allocator: tcmalloc
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] options: { storage: { dbPath: "/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data" } }
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.922+0000 [initandlisten] journal dir=/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/journal
    2014-08-04T13:56:05.922+0000 [initandlisten] recover : no journal files present, no recovery needed
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.064+0000 [FileAllocator] allocating new datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.ns, filling with zeroes...
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.064+0000 [FileAllocator] creating directory /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/_tmp
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.067+0000 [FileAllocator] done allocating datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.ns, size: 16MB,  took 0.001 secs
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.069+0000 [FileAllocator] allocating new datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.0, filling with zeroes...
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.070+0000 [FileAllocator] done allocating datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.0, size: 64MB,  took 0.001 secs
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.071+0000 [initandlisten] build index on: local.startup_log properties: { v: 1, key: { _id: 1 }, name: "_id_", ns: "local.startup_log" }
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.071+0000 [initandlisten] 	 added index to empty collection
    2014-08-04T13:56:06.071+0000 [initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017
    
  7. Use “ps” command to confirm MongoDB is running
  8. 
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]#
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# ps -eaf | grep mongo
    root      7199 28009  0 14:09 pts/0    00:00:00 grep mongo
    root     30387 28009  0 13:56 pts/0    00:00:02 ./mongod --dbpath /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data
    root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]#
    

That’s it, our MongoDB is installed on linux machine and running fine.

However, you might want to export the PATH through your user profile i.e .bash_profile or .profile, so that it’s not gone once you quit the terminal.

Execute MongoDB commands

Now let’s connect to the MongoDB and run some mongodb commands to make sure it’s running fine.


root@dev [~]# cd /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin/
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# ./mongo
MongoDB shell version: 3.4.7
connecting to: test
> show dbs
admin  (empty)
local  0.078GB
> use journaldev
switched to db journaldev
> db.names.save({"id":123,"name":"Pankaj"})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.names.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("53df918adbef24e88560fa5b"), "id" : 123, "name" : "Pankaj" }
> db.datas.save({})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> show collections
datas
names
system.indexes
> show dbs
admin       (empty)
journaldev  0.078GB
local       0.078GB
> exit
bye
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# 

As you can see that everything seems to be smooth and I am able to save and retrieve data from MongoDB database.

If you quit the terminal from which the mongodb was started, it will be stopped. Use nohup command to start it, so that it won’t stop even after you close the terminal.

MongoDB Download Page

Comments

  1. Bitu says:

    Please explain the license requirement for using mongodb in testing env for learning purpose. Will not be used for any production/client activity.

    1. Juan Mamani says:

      You don’t require license for community version.

  2. Kumaresan says:

    how to connect remote mongoDB to local IDE like robo mongo, etc..?

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