Using the system(“pause”) command in C++

Filed Under: C++
system("pause") command C++

In this article, we’ll take a look at using the system(“pause”) command in C++.

Before going through this article, note this the system("pause") command is only available in Windows Systems.

This means that you cannot use this from any Linux / Mac machine.


The system() command

Before going through the system(“pause”) command, let’s understand what system() does.

#include <cstdlib>

int system(const char *command);

The system() function performs a call to the Operating System to run a particular command.

Note that we must include the <cstdlib> header file.

This is very similar to opening a terminal and executing that command by hand.

For example, if you want to use the “ls” command from Linux, you can use system("ls").

If you are having any Linux/Mac machine, you can try the below code.

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdlib>

using namespace std;

int main() {
    // Try the "ls -l" command from your Linux / Mac machine
    int ret = system("ls -l > test.txt");
    return 0;
}

Possible Output

total 16
-rwxr-xr-x 1 2001 2000 9712 Jun 25 21:11 a.out
-rw-rw-rw- 1 2001 2000  209 Jun 25 21:11 main.cpp
-rw-r--r-- 1 2001 2000    0 Jun 25 21:11 test.txt

Now that we’re a bit clear on what system() can do, let’s look at the system(“pause”) command.


Using system(“pause”) command in C++

This is a Windows-specific command, which tells the OS to run the pause program.

This program waits to be terminated, and halts the exceution of the parent C++ program. Only after the pause program is terminated, will the original program continue.

If you’re using a Windows machine, you can run the below code:

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdlib>

using namespace std;

int main() {
    for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {
        cout << "i = " << i << endl;
        if (i == 5) {
            // Call the pause command
            cout << "Calling the pause command\n";
            system("pause");
            cout << "pause program terminated. Resuming...\n";
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

Output – From Windows System

i = 0
i = 1
i = 2
i = 3
i = 4
i = 5
Calling the pause command
Press any key to continue . . .
pause program terminated. Resuming...
i = 6
i = 7
i = 8
i = 9

E:\Programs\sample.exe (process 14052) exited with code 0.

As you can observe, the pause command was indeed executed when our if condition i = 5.

After we hit enter, we terminated the pause program, and resumed our loop in C++ program!

Disadvantages of using the system(“pause”) command

The main pitfall of system(“pause”) is that this is platform specific. This does not work on Linux/Mac systems, and is not portable.

While this works as a kind of a hack for Windows systems, this approach may easily cause errors, when you try to run the code on other systems!

Therefore, I would suggest some other alternative ways to pause and resume a program, such as using signal handlers.


Conclusion

In this article, we learned how we could use the system(“pause”) command in C++. For similar content, do go through our tutorial section on C++ programming!

References


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