Top 10 Best Penetration Testing Tools for Linux

Filed Under: UNIX/Linux
Best Penetration Testing Tools 2020

This article covers some of the best penetration testing tools for Linux Cybersecurity is a big concern for both small and big organizations. In an age where more and more businesses are moving to the online medium of offering services, the threat of facing a cyber-attack has continued to rise.

This means that more and more enterprises are looking to secure themselves. And it is causing growth in demand for penetration testers and ethical hackers. As an aspiring network security consultant, here are some of the best penetration testing tools that you should know!

#10. HTTrack – Best Tool for Cloning Complete Websites

Httrack
Httrack

Official Website: https://www.httrack.com/

If an attacker wants to break into a website, they cannot initiate an attack on the live website. HTTrack is one of the best penetration testing tools which is massively helpful in this case! Often referred to as the website cloner, HTTrack is a tool that can effectively mirror any website for offline use.

It does so by downloading all the resources, HTML files, and directories of a website on the user’s local storage. Once the website is saved, we can start performing offline attacks on the local copy of the website.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install httrack

#9. Wireshark – Best PenTesting Tool for Network and Packet Analysis

Wireshark
Wireshark

Official Website: https://www.wireshark.org/

Wireshark is widely used for sniffing data packets over a network.

You can also refer to Wireshark as ‘network analyzer’, ‘network protocol analyzer’, or simply a ‘sniffer’. Wireshark captures the network traffic between two devices and helps us analyze the transacted packets.

Wireshark uses a library called pcap to capture network packets which makes Wireshark a powerful tool when the user is performing network analysis or troubleshooting a network. It also allows for network vulnerability evaluation. 

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install wireshark

#8. Aircrack-NG – Best Tool for Cracking Wireless Passwords

Aircrack Ng
Aircrack Ng

Official Website: https://www.aircrack-ng.org/

Aircrack-ng is one of the best penetration testing tools for assessing wireless networks. It comprises of four main specialized tools, each aimed at one task out of capturing, attacking, testing and cracking.

  • aircrack-ng is the first tool that is used for cracking WEP and WPA/WPA2-PSK encryptions.
  • airmon-ng can be used to manage wireless card modes or to kill aircrack tool processes.
  • With airodump-ng, you get a wireless data sniffer that can capture packets traveling from one or more WAPs.
  • Finally, you have aireplay-np which can be used as a package injector and for stimulating DOS attacks.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install aircrack-ng

#7. NMap – Best Pentesting Tool for In-Depth Network Audits

Nmap  Linux Best Penetration Testing tools
Nmap

Official Website: https://nmap.org/

With a name abbreviated from ‘Network Mapper’, NMap is the best tool for network auditing purposes. NMap is commonly used for network discovery and exploration.

It allows the user to find important information such as hosts on a network, ports, and their status for each host, OS fingerprinting data, and helps in spotting vulnerabilities. Nmap can efficiently search for hosts and services on a network while allowing the user to find open ports and security related issues.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install nmap

#6. THC Hydra – Best Penetration Testing Tool for Cracking Network Passwords

Hydra
Hydra

Official Github Repo: https://github.com/vanhauser-thc/thc-hydra

Hydra famously holds the claim to be the quickest tool when it comes to cracking network login info (usernames and passwords). Its full name is The Hacker’s Choice Hydra, which says a lot about the tool’s reputation in the world of penetration testing.

It supports a huge range of attack protocols, including but not limited to – SSH, MySQL, IMAP, HTTPS, HTTP (Proxy), FTP, VMware-Auth, IRC, telnet, and many more. It is essentially a tool that uses brute force for cracking credentials based on dictionary attacks.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install hydra-gtk

#5. OWASP ZAP – Best Penetration Testing Tool for Web App Security Scanning

Owasp Zap
Owasp Zap

Official Website: https://www.zaproxy.org/

The Open Web Application Security Project – Zed Attack Proxy has a wide range of functionality. OWASP – Zap is an all-inclusive tool to perform security audits for web applications. This tool was built using Java and host a huge variety of features including but not limited to AJAX web crawler, web scanner, proxy server, and fuzzer. When used as a proxy server, it can display all traffic from its target and manipulate the data as desired.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

wget https://github.com/zaproxy/zaproxy/releases/download/2.9.0/ZAP_2.9.0_Linux.tar.gz  
tar -xzvf ZAP_2.9.0_Linux.tar.gz  
rsync -av ZAP_2.9.0/ /opt/zaproxy/

#4. SQLMap – Best SQL-Injection Tool

Sqlmap
Sqlmap

Official Website: http://sqlmap.org/

SQL injections are a massively popular and potent form of a cyber attack. One popular tool used for the detection and exploitation of SQL injection vulnerabilities on a database is SQLMap.

Once the SQL vulnerabilities are spotted in the URL of the target, SQLMap can proceed to execute a SQL injection attack on the target. It allows the user to access the back end of the web application and run their personal SQL commands to read sensitive data from the database which should otherwise be hidden.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install sqlmap

#3. Fluxion – Best Tool for Evil-Twin and Social Engineering Attacks

Fluxion
Fluxion

Official Github Repository: https://github.com/FluxionNetwork/fluxion

Fluxion is the first tool that comes to pen testers’ mind when they think about the Evil Twin Attack. It works by creating a twin access point at the target access point.

Then it waits for a target user to attempt to connect with the target AP and redirect the target user to enter the credentials for access. If the credentials are correct, the target user is allowed access, while Fluxion logs the user credentials.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

git clone https://github.com/FluxionNetwork/fluxion
cd fluxion/
sudo ./fluxion.sh

#2. Bettercap – Better MITM Attacking Tool

Bettercap Best penetration Testing tool for Man in the middle attacks
Bettercap

Official Website: https://www.bettercap.org/

Bettercap is a network utility that was developed to test and perform a Man in The Middle Attack (MiTMA) on a target web application. It allows the user to intercept all the communications made by the target with their network by eavesdropping on the network packets being sent along by the target.

This data can allow the user to sniff sensitive data and bypass SSL and HSTS on the target’s network.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

sudo apt install golang git build-essential libpcap-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev libnetfilter-queue-dev
go get -u github.com/bettercap/bettercap

#1. Metasploit – Best Pentesting Tool and a Master of Exploitation

Best Penetration Testing tools of 2020 Metasploit
Metasploit

Official Website: https://www.metasploit.com/

The most popular and powerful tool in the community of penetration testing is Metasploit. It offers a huge variety of modules, services and functions to the user. But in the most basic descriptions, Metasploit is built upon four core modules.

The first module is Exploit which is a method to attack the target system or to inject vulnerabilities. The Payload runs after the Exploit and allows the user to obtain data from the target system. The Auxilliary module aims at scanning and testing the target system. Finally, the Encoder module allows the user to insert a backdoor into the target system.

The command for installing the tool (Ubuntu):

wget https://downloads.metasploit.com/data/releases/metasploit-latest-linux-x64-installer.run
chmod +x metasploit-latest-linux-x64-installer.run
./metasploit-latest-linux-x64-installer.run

Back to you now…

Which according to you is one of the best penetration testing tools from this list? Or do you have a different tool that’s not covered here? Let us know in the comments below!

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