In this article, we will learn about Wine software and learn to install Wine on Ubuntu.
What Is Wine?
Wine is an open-source compatibility layer that aims to provide allow computer games and application software developed for Windows Operating System to run on Unix-like systems. It also provides a software library to facilitate compiling Windows applications porting to Unix-like systems.
Wine provides the API used in Windows Operating Systems to serve Windows-based programs and games on Unix-like Operating Systems.
Wine implements the Windows Application Binary Interface (ABI) entirely in userspace, rather than as a kernel module. It mostly mirrors the hierarchy, with services normally provided by the kernel in Windows instead provided by a daemon known as the wineserver.
How to install Wine on Ubuntu?
Let’s look at the process to install it on Ubuntu. Installation on Wine is a cakewalk and benefits the user with lots and lots of Windows applications accessibility.
Step 1: Start by checking the installed architectures on your machine using the following command:
If “i386” (32-Bit Architecture) is not displayed, execute the following command:
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
Recheck by using the same command again and you should find “i386” at the output.
Step 2: Add the repository to download Wine using the following commands,
This command will download the repository key
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
Install the repository key using the command given below
sudo -H gpg -o /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/winehq.key.gpg --dearmor winehq.key
Up to here, we’ve installed the repository key, what remains to be done is to add the repository.
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main
Update the repositories using,
sudo apt update
Now we are all done with the repository setup, let’s move to the final steps.
Step 3: Installing Wine
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
Wait for the installation to complete.
Step 4: Checking if Wine is installed or not
Popular Windows Applications to Use on Linux Systems Using Wine
Below is the list of some of the most popular Windows-based applications to install and use on Linux devices through Wine.
It is a free (as in “free speech” and also as in “free beer”) source code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages. Running in the MS Windows environment.
The LTspice® simulator is a high-performance SPICE simulation software, schematic capture, and waveform viewer. It also supports enhancements and models for easing the simulation of analog circuits.
It is a nice open-source application for designing circuits, but it’s only available for Windows. While it is a small application, it does incorporate some .NET components.
Microsoft OneNote is an app that is designed for research, note-taking, and information storage. Similar to apps like Evernote and Dropbox Paper, it lets you store text and images in free-form documents which you can keep private or share with others.
In this article, we learned about wine software and its installation on Ubuntu. Later, we also looked at some important and widely used applications which natively run on Windows, using Wine these can run on Ubuntu and other Linux distros as well.
To learn more about Wine, you can refer to the following sites,