Stem and Leaf Plots in Python [Easy Guide]

Filed Under: Python Modules
Stem And Leaf Plots In Python

In this tutorial, we will learn about Stem and Leaf graphs and we will also look at their implementation. A stem-and-leaf plot is a chart that displays data by splitting up each data value in the dataset into a stem and a leaf before plotting the points. A stem-and-leaf plot is also called a stemplot.

Importance of Stem and Leaf Plots

Stem-and-leaf plots are useful for displaying the relative density and help to give the reader a quick overview of the distribution. They are also useful for highlighting outliers and finding the mode of the dataset.


Code Implementation for Stem and Leaf Plots in Python

We will be executing the following code snippets to create the plots for a dataset in Python. To create a stem-and-leaf plot for any dataset, we will make use of the stemgraphic library. You can install the same using the statement below.

pip install stemgraphic

We will make use of numpy module and the random.randint function to get 20 numbers between 20 and 50.

import numpy as np
data = np.random.randint(20, 50, 20)
print(data)

When we execute the above code, we get the dataset as follows.

[33 28 21 22 37 45 23 45 36 24 20 45 43 24 45 21 20 43 21 47]

Next, we make use of the stem_graphic function of the stemgraphic module to automatically divide data into stems and leafs using the code below.

import stemgraphic
fig, ax = stemgraphic.stem_graphic(data)
Stem And Leaf Plot Output 1
Stem And Leaf Plot Output 1

I bet you are not able to understand a thing about this plot and what exactly are you supposed to interpret from the plot. You can understand the interpretations from the following statements :

The red boxes display the minimum and the maximum number of the dataset where the bottom represents the minimum and the top represents the maximum.

The numbers in the far left display the aggregated count of values in the plot. Also, the numbers in the middle column represent the stems for the dataset. Lastly, the numbers in the far right column represent the leaves of the dataset.

Another Illustration with the Complete Code

Let us have a look at another example and the complete code for the plotting of the stem-and-leaf plot in the Python programming language.

import stemgraphic
import numpy as np

data = np.random.randint(20, 50, 20)
print(data)

fig, ax = stemgraphic.stem_graphic(data)
Stem And Leaf Plot Output 2
Stem And Leaf Plot Output 2

Conclusion

I hope you loved reading the above tutorial about understanding what stem-and-leaf plots are along with a step-by-step guide to creating these plots. You can see how a single plot can provide tons of information about how the data is distributed in a dataset.

Thank you for reading! I would recommend you to read the following tutorials as well:

  1. Python diagrams module – Creating Architecture Diagrams
  2. Missingno – Visualize Missing Values In Python
  3. Python Plotly Tutorial
  4. Python Bokeh Data Visualization Tutorial

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