Java break statement, label

Filed Under: Java

Java break statement is used to terminate the loop in between it’s processing. We use break reserve keyword for breaking out of the loop in java program.

Java break

There are two forms of break statement – unlabeled and labeled. Mostly break statement is used to terminate a loop based on some condition, for example break the processing if exit command is reached.

Unlabeled break statement is used to terminate the loop containing it and can be used with switch, for, while and do-while loops.

break in java example

Here is an example showing java break statement usage in for loop, while loop and do-while loop.


package com.journaldev.util;

package com.journaldev.util;

public class JavaBreak {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		String[] arr = { "A", "E", "I", "O", "U" };

		// find O in the array using for loop
		for (int len = 0; len < arr.length; len++) {
			if (arr[len].equals("O")) {
				System.out.println("Array contains 'O' at index: " + len);
				// break the loop as we found what we are looking for
				break;
			}
		}

		// use of break in while loop
		int len = 0;
		while (len < arr.length) {
			if (arr[len].equals("E")) {
				System.out.println("Array contains 'E' at index: " + len);
				// break the while loop as we found what we are looking for
				break;
			}
			len++;
		}

		len = 0;
		// use of break in do-while loop
		do {
			if (arr[len].equals("U")) {
				System.out.println("Array contains 'U' at index: " + len);
				// break the while loop as we found what we are looking for
				break;
			}
			len++;
		} while (len < arr.length);
	}

}

java break statement, break in java

Note that if we remove break statement, there won’t be any difference in the output of the program. For small iterations like in this example, there is not much of a performance benefit. But if the iterator size is huge, then it can save a lot of processing time.

Java break label

Labeled break statement is used to terminate the outer loop, the loop should be labeled for it to work.

Here is an example showing java break label statement usage.


package com.journaldev.util;

public class JavaBreakLabel {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int[][] arr = { { 1, 2 }, { 3, 4 }, { 9, 10 }, { 11, 12 } };
		boolean found = false;
		int row = 0;
		int col = 0;
		// find index of first int greater than 10
		searchint:

		for (row = 0; row < arr.length; row++) {
			for (col = 0; col < arr[row].length; col++) {
				if (arr[row][col] > 10) {
					found = true;
					// using break label to terminate outer statements
					break searchint;
				}
			}
		}
		if (found)
			System.out.println("First int greater than 10 is found at index: [" + row + "," + col + "]");
	}

}

java break label

We can also use break statement to get out of switch-case statement, you can learn about all these in below video.

Reference: Oracle Documentation

Comments

  1. Rob Stein says:

    Pankaj! more like Spankaj. Bravo!!

  2. Rizka andari says:

    Thanks for sharing.. Very helpful

  3. Ashok Reddy says:

    on of the best java learning site , for beginner and professional.

    Thank u Pankaj.

  4. Emanuele says:

    Hi,
    I don’t get what searchint: does / is.
    Does it create some kind of loop? I didn’t know this syntax.

    Thanks

    1. Pankaj says:

      It’s Label and the code execution will jump to that when

      break searchint;

      will get called.

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