Python OrderedDict

Filed Under: Python

Python OrderedDict is a dict subclass that maintains the items insertion order. When we iterate over an OrderedDict, items are returned in the order they were inserted.

A regular dictionary doesn’t track the insertion order. So when iterating over it, items are returned in an arbitrary order. When we want to make sure that items are returned in the order they were inserted, we can use OrderedDict.

Python OrderedDict

  • OrderedDict is part of python collections module.
  • We can create an empty OrderedDict and add items to it. If we create an OrderedDict by passing a dict argument, then the ordering may be lost because dict doesn’t maintain the insertion order.
  • If an item is overwritten in the OrderedDict, it’s position is maintained.
  • If an item is deleted and added again, then it moves to the last.
  • OrderedDict popitem removes the items in FIFO order. It accepts a boolean argument last, if it’s set to True then items are returned in LIFO order.
  • We can move an item to the beginning or end of the OrderedDict using move_to_end function. It accepts a boolean argument last, if it’s set to False then item is moved to the start of the ordered dict.
  • From python 3.6 onwards, order is retained for keyword arguments passed to the OrderedDict constructor, refer PEP-468.
  • We can use reversed() function with OrderedDict to iterate elements in the reverse order.
  • Equality tests between OrderedDict objects are order-sensitive and are implemented as list(od1.items())==list(od2.items()).
  • Equality tests between OrderedDict and other Mapping objects are order-insensitive like regular dictionaries. This allows OrderedDict objects to be substituted anywhere a regular dictionary is used.

Python OrderedDict Examples

Let’s look at some code examples of Python OrderedDict.

Creating OrderedDict object


from collections import OrderedDict

# creating a simple dict
my_dict = {'kiwi': 4, 'apple': 5, 'cat': 3}

# creating empty ordered dict
ordered_dict = OrderedDict()
print(ordered_dict)

# creating ordered dict from dict
ordered_dict = OrderedDict(my_dict)
print(ordered_dict)

Output:


OrderedDict()
OrderedDict([('kiwi', 4), ('apple', 5), ('cat', 3)])

Adding, Replacing, Removing items from OrderedDict


# adding elements to dict
ordered_dict['dog'] = 3

# replacing a dict key value
ordered_dict['kiwi'] = 10
print(ordered_dict)

# removing and adding a value
ordered_dict.pop('kiwi')
print(ordered_dict)
ordered_dict['kiwi'] = 4
print(ordered_dict)

Output:


OrderedDict([('kiwi', 10), ('apple', 5), ('cat', 3), ('dog', 3)])
OrderedDict([('apple', 5), ('cat', 3), ('dog', 3)])
OrderedDict([('apple', 5), ('cat', 3), ('dog', 3), ('kiwi', 4)])

OrderedDict move_to_end example


# moving apple to end and dog to start
ordered_dict.move_to_end('apple')
ordered_dict.move_to_end('dog', False)
print(ordered_dict)

Output:


OrderedDict([('dog', 3), ('cat', 3), ('kiwi', 4), ('apple', 5)])

OrderedDict popitem example


# pop last item
item = ordered_dict.popitem(True)
print(item)
print(ordered_dict)

Output:


('apple', 5)
OrderedDict([('dog', 3), ('cat', 3), ('kiwi', 4)])

OrderedDict Reverse Iteration


# reversed iteration
for item in reversed(ordered_dict):
    print(item)

Output:


kiwi
cat
dog

OrderedDict Equality Tests Example


# equality tests
d1 = {'a': 'A', 'b': 'B'}
d2 = {'b': 'B', 'a': 'A'}

od1 = OrderedDict({'a': 'A', 'b': 'B'})
od2 = OrderedDict({'b': 'B', 'a': 'A'})

print(d1 == d2)
print(od1 == od2)
print(d1 == od1)

Output:


True
False
True
You can download the complete example code from our GitHub Repository.

Reference: Python Docs

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