Telnet Command Usage in Linux/Unix

Filed Under: UNIX/Linux

What is Telnet ?

Telnet is an old network protocol that is used to connect to remote systems over a TCP/IP network. It connects to servers and network equipment over port 23. Let’s take a look at Telnet command usage.

Disclaimer

  1. Telnet is not a secure protocol and is thus NOT RECOMMENDED!. This is because data sent over the protocol is unencrypted and can be intercepted by hackers.
  2. Instead of using telnet, a more preferred protocol to use is SSH which is encrypted and more secure

Let’s see how you can install and use the telnet protocol.

Installing Telnet

In this section, we will walk you through the process of installing telnet in RPM and DEB systems.

Installation of Telnet in CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

To begin the installation process on the server, run the command

# yum install telnet telnet-server -y

Sample Output

Install Telnet Telnet Server

Next, Start and enable the telnet service by issuing the command below

 
# systemctl start telnet.socket
# systemctl enable telnet.socket

Sample Output

Start And Enable Telnet

Next, allow port 23 which is the native port that telnet uses on the firewall.

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=23/tcp

Finally, reload the firewall for the rule to take effect.

# firewall-cmd --reload

Sample Output

Allow Port 23 Over Firewall

To verify the status of telnet run

# systemctl status telnet.socket

Sample Output

Check Status Of Telnet In CentOS 7

Telnet protocol is now ready for use. Next, we are going to create a login user.

Creating a login user

In this example, we will create a login user for logging in using the telnet protocol.


# adduser telnetuser

Create a password for the user.


# passwd telnetuser

Specify the password and confirm.

To use telnet command to log in to a server, use the syntax below.

$ telnet server-IP address

For example

$ telnet 38.76.11.19

In the black console, specify the username and password.

Telnet Ip Address

To login using putty, enter the server’s IP address and click on the ‘Telnet’ radio button as shown.

Telnet Putty Configuration

Finally, click on the ‘Open’ button. On the console screen, provide the username and password of the user

Logging In To Centos Via Telnet In Putty

Installation of Telnet in Ubuntu 18.04

To install telnet protocol in Ubuntu 18.04 execute:

$ sudo apt install telnetd -y

Sample Output

Install Telnet On Ubuntu

To check whether telnet service is running, execute the command.

$ systemctl status inetd

Sample Output

Systemctl Status Inetd

Next, we need to open port 23 in ufw firewall.

$ ufw allow 23/tcp

Sample Output

Allow Port 23 Over Ufw Firewall

Finally, reload the firewall to effect the changes.

$ ufw reload

Reload ufw Firewall

Telnet has been successfully installed and ready for use. Like in the previous example in CentOS 7, you need to create a login user and log in using the same syntax.

Using telnet to check for open ports

Telnet can also be used to check if a specific port is open on a server. To do so, use the syntax below.

$ telnet server-IP port

For example, to check if port 22 is open on a server, run

$ telnet 38.76.11.19  22

Sample Output

Telnet To Test Open Ports

Summary

This tutorial is an educational guide that shows you how to use telnet protocol. We HIGHLY DISCOURAGE the use of telnet due to the high-security risks it poses due to lack of encryption. SSH is the recommended protocol when connecting to remote systems. The data sent over SSH is encrypted and kept safe from hackers.

Comments

  1. rishav says:

    why we use TELNET then??instead of using SSH
    where we can use TELNET??
    i want to know plz help me….

    1. Pankaj says:

      Windows systems come with telnet support but not SSH, so you can use it from there to check for an open port of remote server.

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