What is Telnet ?
Telnet is an old network protocol that is used to connect to remote systems over a TCP/IP network. It connects to servers and network equipment over port 23. Let’s take a look at Telnet command usage.
- Telnet is not a secure protocol and is thus NOT RECOMMENDED!. This is because data sent over the protocol is unencrypted and can be intercepted by hackers.
- Instead of using telnet, a more preferred protocol to use is SSH which is encrypted and more secure
Let’s see how you can install and use the telnet protocol.
In this section, we will walk you through the process of installing telnet in RPM and DEB systems.
Installation of Telnet in CentOS 7 / RHEL 7
To begin the installation process on the server, run the command
# yum install telnet telnet-server -y
Next, Start and enable the telnet service by issuing the command below
# systemctl start telnet.socket # systemctl enable telnet.socket
Next, allow port 23 which is the native port that telnet uses on the firewall.
# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=23/tcp
Finally, reload the firewall for the rule to take effect.
# firewall-cmd --reload
To verify the status of telnet run
# systemctl status telnet.socket
Telnet protocol is now ready for use. Next, we are going to create a login user.
Creating a login user
In this example, we will create a login user for logging in using the telnet protocol.
# adduser telnetuser
Create a password for the user.
# passwd telnetuser
Specify the password and confirm.
To use telnet command to log in to a server, use the syntax below.
$ telnet server-IP address
$ telnet 188.8.131.52
In the black console, specify the username and password.
To login using putty, enter the server’s IP address and click on the ‘Telnet’ radio button as shown.
Finally, click on the ‘Open’ button. On the console screen, provide the username and password of the user
Installation of Telnet in Ubuntu 18.04
To install telnet protocol in Ubuntu 18.04 execute:
$ sudo apt install telnetd -y
To check whether telnet service is running, execute the command.
$ systemctl status inetd
Next, we need to open port 23 in ufw firewall.
$ ufw allow 23/tcp
Finally, reload the firewall to effect the changes.
$ ufw reload
Telnet has been successfully installed and ready for use. Like in the previous example in CentOS 7, you need to create a login user and log in using the same syntax.
Using telnet to check for open ports
Telnet can also be used to check if a specific port is open on a server. To do so, use the syntax below.
$ telnet server-IP port
For example, to check if port 22 is open on a server, run
$ telnet 184.108.40.206 22
This tutorial is an educational guide that shows you how to use telnet protocol. We HIGHLY DISCOURAGE the use of telnet due to the high-security risks it poses due to lack of encryption. SSH is the recommended protocol when connecting to remote systems. The data sent over SSH is encrypted and kept safe from hackers.