We can install Maven on Linux in a few simple steps. The first step is to install JDK because Maven needs it to execute.
In this tutorial, we will learn how to install Maven in Ubuntu. The steps are generic and it will work fine on any other Linux system too.
Installing JDK on Linux/Ubuntu
Generally, we use
apt package manager to install anything in Ubuntu. But, it doesn’t have the latest JDK packages. The current version is Java 13 but the command
apt list -a | grep openjdk shows only available OpenJDK versions are 8 and 11.
So, we will install JDK using binaries and setting some required environment variables.
Step 1: Download the JDK Binaries
Go to the URL: https://jdk.java.net/13/
Copy the download link for Linux/x64 build. Then use the below command to download and extract it.
$ wget https://download.java.net/java/GA/jdk13.0.1/cec27d702aa74d5a8630c65ae61e4305/9/GPL/openjdk-13.0.1_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz $ tar -xvf openjdk-13.0.1_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz $ mv jdk-13.0.1 /opt/
I have moved JDK to /opt, you can keep it anywhere in the file system.
Step 2: Setting JAVA_HOME and Path Environment Variables
Open .profile file from the home directory and add the following lines to it.
JAVA_HOME='/opt/jdk-13.0.1' PATH="$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH" export PATH
You can relaunch the terminal or execute
source .profile command to apply the configuration changes.
Step 3: Verify the Java Installation
You can run
java -version command to verify the JDK installation.
$ java -version openjdk version "13.0.1" 2019-10-15 OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 13.0.1+9) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 13.0.1+9, mixed mode, sharing) $
Installing Maven on Linux/Ubuntu
We will install Maven in a similar way that we have installed JDK in the Linux system.
Step 1: Download the Maven Binaries
Go to the URL: https://maven.apache.org/download.cgi
Copy the link for the “Binary tar.gz archive” file. Then run the following commands to download and untar it.
$ wget https://mirrors.estointernet.in/apache/maven/maven-3/3.6.3/binaries/apache-maven-3.6.3-bin.tar.gz $ tar -xvf apache-maven-3.6.3-bin.tar.gz $ mv apache-maven-3.6.3 /opt/
Step 2: Setting M2_HOME and Path Variables
Add the following lines to the user profile file (.profile).
M2_HOME='/opt/apache-maven-3.6.3' PATH="$M2_HOME/bin:$PATH" export PATH
Relaunch the terminal or execute
source .profile to apply the changes.
Step 3: Verify the Maven installation
mvn -version command and it should produce the following output.
$ mvn -version Apache Maven 3.6.3 (cecedd343002696d0abb50b32b541b8a6ba2883f) Maven home: /opt/apache-maven-3.6.3 Java version: 13.0.1, vendor: Oracle Corporation, runtime: /opt/jdk-13.0.1 Default locale: en, platform encoding: UTF-8 OS name: "linux", version: "4.15.0-47-generic", arch: "amd64", family: "unix" $
That’s all. Maven is successfully installed in your Linux system.