Spring Boot Tutorial

Filed Under: Spring

Welcome to Spring Boot Tutorial. Spring Boot is a completely new project from Pivotal Team(The Spring Team). It is a Framework developed on top of existing Spring Framework.

Spring Boot Tutorial

Spring Boot uses completely new development model to make Java Development very easy by avoiding some tedious development steps and boilerplate code and configuration.

What is Spring Boot?

Spring Boot is a Framework from “The Spring Team” to ease the bootstrapping and development of new Spring Applications.
It provides defaults for code and annotation configuration to quick start new Spring projects within no time. It follows “Opinionated Defaults Configuration” Approach to avoid lot of boilerplate code and configuration to improve Development, Unit Test and Integration Test Process.

What is NOT Spring Boot?

Spring Boot Framework is not implemented from the scratch by The Spring Team, rather than implemented on top of existing Spring Framework (Spring IO Platform).
It is not used for solving any new problems. It is used to solve same problems like Spring Framework.

Why Spring Boot?

  • To ease the Java-based applications Development, Unit Test and Integration Test Process.
  • To reduce Development, Unit Test and Integration Test time by providing some defaults.
  • To increase Productivity.

Don’t worry about what is “Opinionated Defaults Configuration” Approach at this stage. We will explain this in detail with some examples in coming posts.

Advantages of Spring Boot:

  • It is very easy to develop Spring Based applications with Java or Groovy.
  • It reduces lots of development time and increases productivity.
  • It avoids writing lots of boilerplate Code, Annotations and XML Configuration.
  • It is very easy to integrate Spring Boot Application with its Spring Ecosystem like Spring JDBC, Spring ORM, Spring Data, Spring Security etc.
  • It follows “Opinionated Defaults Configuration” Approach to reduce Developer effort
  • It provides Embedded HTTP servers like Tomcat, Jetty etc. to develop and test our web applications very easily.
  • It provides CLI (Command Line Interface) tool to develop and test Spring Boot(Java or Groovy) Applications from command prompt very easily and quickly.
  • It provides lots of plugins to develop and test Spring Boot Applications very easily using Build Tools like Maven and Gradle
  • It provides lots of plugins to work with embedded and in-memory Databases very easily.

In Simple Terminology, What Spring Boot means

What Is Spring Boot, Spring Boot Tutorial

That means Spring Boot is nothing but existing Spring Framework + Some Embedded HTTP Servers (Tomcat/Jetty etc.) – XML or Annotations Configurations.
Here minus means we don’t need to write any XML Configuration and few Annotations only.

Main Goal of Spring Boot:

The main goal of Spring Boot Framework is to reduce Development, Unit Test and Integration Test time and to ease the development of Production ready web applications very easily compared to existing Spring Framework, which really takes more time.

  • To avoid XML Configuration completely
  • To avoid defining more Annotation Configuration(It combined some existing Spring Framework Annotations to a simple and single Annotation)
  • To avoid writing lots of import statements
  • To provide some defaults to quick start new projects within no time.
  • To provide Opinionated Development approach.

By providing or avoiding these things, Spring Boot Framework reduces Development time, Developer Effort and increases productivity.

Limitation/Drawback of Spring Boot:

Spring Boot Framework has one limitation.
It is some what bit time consuming process to convert existing or legacy Spring Framework projects into Spring Boot Applications but we can convert all kinds of projects into Spring Boot Applications. It is very easy to create brand new/Greenfield Projects using Spring Boot.

To Start Opinionated Approach to create Spring Boot Applications, The Spring Team (The Pivotal Team) has provided the following three approaches.

  • Using Spring Boot CLI Tool
  • Using Spring STS IDE
  • Using Spring Initializr Website

We will discuss one by one in detail with some good examples in coming posts. We can find Spring Initializr Website at: https://start.spring.io/
We can develop two flavors of Spring-Based Applications using Spring Boot

  • Java-Based Applications
  • Groovy Applications

We can use Spring Boot CLI or Spring STS IDE or Spring Initializr Website to develop Spring Boot Groovy Applications. However, we can use Spring STS IDE or Spring Initializr Website to develop Spring Boot Java Applications.

Anyhow, Groovy is also JVM language almost similar to Java Language. We can combine both Groovy and Java into one Project. Because like Java files, Groovy files are finally compiled into *.class files only. Both *.groovy and *.java files are converted to *.class file (Same byte code format).

java groovy compiler, spring boot
Spring Boot Framework Programming model is inspired by Groovy Programming model. Spring Boot internally uses some Groovy based techniques and tools to provide default imports and configuration.

Spring Boot Framework also combined existing Spring Framework annotations into some simple or single annotations. We will explore those annotations one by one in coming posts with some real-time examples.

Spring Boot Framework drastically changes Spring-Java Based Applications Programming model into new Programming model. As of now, Spring Boot is at initial stage only but future is all about Spring Boot only.

Happy Spring Boot Framework Learning!


  1. Shivam Verma says:

    Spring is widely used for creating scalable applications. For web applications, Spring provides Spring MVC which is a widely used module of spring which is used to create scalable web applications. It is an amazing tool that helps you to get enterprise-grade applications up and running quickly without having to worry about configuring your application correctly and safely.

    1. Aidar says:

      Thank you, Captain Obvious!

  2. SHARATH KUMAR says:

    Nice explanation! Disadvantages of micro services is not mentioned elaborately.
    Can you post the disadvantages of micro services.

  3. ashish gupta says:

    very good tutorial for spring boot beginners but you should add more detailed information about spring boot.

  4. Ravi says:

    Hi Ram,

    Can you please share the MICRO SERVICES TUTORIAL.

  5. Faisal says:

    Great article for the beginners, if any one wants a complete and professional Spring boot Application based on Spring Boot 2, Spring MVC5, Gradle 5, JUnit 5, Mockito, Exception Handling all in one, and many more,
    get it on github(https://github.com/MFaisalHyder/spring-boot-app).
    Kindly fork it, star it and do make pull requests to make it even better 馃檪

    World needs more people like you to help open source community ! 馃檪

  6. Anji says:

    Spring boot is not a framework. It is built on top of Spring framework to avoid manually writing the configurations and boilerplate code. This is my understanding. Please feel free to correct me.

  7. Tamsheel Khan says:

    Thanks for nice post.
    But one thing Spring Boot really a Frame work on top of Spring Frame work.
    Or it’s a way to create spring application in java and Groovy languages same as spring with zero or minimal configurations.

  8. Madicoye DJIBA says:

    Thanks a lot mister!

  9. Nahid says:

    Hi there!

    I wanna thank you a lot for this tutorial. It was so great. It helped me so much.
    But I have one question. Which version of spring boot did you talk about? Is the version matter? or all are the same at this point?

    Have nice

    1. Pankaj says:

      There are very small changes here and there but the core concepts remain the same.

  10. Hasanga says:

    Very good reading to begin with Spring Boot. Thanks

  11. Inderjeet Singh says:

    Very Very good Explanation . A Basic Of Spring Boot in a simpler fashion. Nice Job Man

  12. sreedhar says:

    Hi Pankaj,

    Please help out on how to deploy springboot application in IBM websphere

    Thanks in advance

    R Sridhar

  13. Saurabh says:

    Nice tutorial o spring boot ……… After going through it , having a overview of Spring boot

    Expecting more concept on it as it suggest how to develop but unable to understand how it works internally….. it will be good if share more knowledge on theory and concept of this Spring boot topic

  14. Parag says:

    very good explanation.

  15. Sudhir says:

    Nice tutorial, it gives good information to create application.

  16. Laxmi says:

    It is very helpful to learn about Spring Boot. Clearly mentioned each point. Thank you so much…….

  17. Abhijeet Deshmukh says:

    Hi ,Did you done with Spring Microservices with spring boot ? am looking for it .

    1. Rambabu says:

      Hi Yes Im preparing Spring Boot Microservices examples and notes. You will get them soon.


      1. manisha says:

        i also want spring boot microwaves notes examples. can you please tell when you will updated.

      2. Puneet Nebhani says:

        Even I am looking for it. Kindly provide those to me as well.


      3. joe sagayaselvam says:

        I too expecting the same from you Ram.

  18. Srao says:

    very good introduction on spring boot to start with. Love to see more articles on this concept.

    1. parag says:

      nice article

  19. shangay lama says:

    Very nice way to make clear concept for those who really wish to learn SpringBoot. i love this ……..

  20. muff says:

    hi … i have installed STS from eclipse market place..i am using Eclipse Luna.
    When i create a new project-> spring starter project
    It is giving me error that M2e connector is not installed. before Installing STS , maven was there, but after installing it just vanished frm my system..
    I hv even downloaded m2e connectors from market place.. stl no success.
    please help

    1. Pankaj says:

      install maven separately.

      1. muff says:

        hi Pankaj..

        I have Installed maven also in eclipse , still i am getting the same error.. Even i have downloaded the the apache maven 3.3 and set the MAven home in pathvariable,

      2. muff says:

        Can you please provide me with your email id.

  21. Sai Vijay says:

    Hi Rambabu,

    Its a nice introduction to springboot,I am developing a website to my department.my question is that,where i would place the html content(UI) like web content in those application.pls help

    Sai VIjay

  22. Siva says:

    Hi Rambabu,

    I developed one application using spring boot when i am deployed in tomcat 6 it is not working,when it was deployed in tomcat 7 its working.

    Can you tell me is it any configuration required for deploying in Tomcat??


    1. Rambabu says:

      Hi Siva

      Spring Boot is developed on top of Servlet 3.x API.
      Tomcat 6.x supports only Servlet 2.5 and JSP 2.1 specifications. And Tomcat 7.x supports Servlet 3.0, JSP 2.2, EL 2.2 and Web Socket 1.1 specifications.

      That’s why your app is not working with Tomcat 6.

      Got it? any questions please?


      1. Siva says:

        Hi Ram,

        yeah you said right but i want chnage servlet3.0 to servlet 2.5 because i want to test in tomcat 6.0.

        Can you please help me this.


        1. David Hertz says:

          In other words, you can’t use Spring Boot with tomcat 6.0, so if you want to test your application using servlet 2.5 specification you will need to change your approach instead of using spring boot.


      2. Ravella Baji says:

        Thanks for contribution ..

  23. Subramanyam says:

    very good introduction about spring boot.

  24. Pratik says:

    Really Nice article, thanks for that. Just have 1 question when it says:

    It avoids writing lots of boilerplate Code, Annotations and XML Configuration.

    What to do with Annotations here, as per my understand writing of Annotations are same in SpringBoot as Sprig framework.

    Please correct me.

    1. Rambabu says:

      Good Question. If you see my next Sprint Boot tutorials you can find the answer.

      In Spring Boot,

      The @SpringBootApplication annotation is equivalent to using @Configuration, @EnableAutoConfiguration and @ComponentScan

      Got it??


  25. balaji says:


    My application using spring mvc, spring data jpa, mysql.

    I have a problem with data flow in my app..

    In the controller I am taking some model from DB, then I pass it to view – here some fields are shown (not all of them), and the user is able to modify them.. Then when he submits form, the controller should update the model in db.

    The problem is flow, because not all of the fields are in tags, so they won’t pass after submiting the form..

    There are two solutions I found, One is to create additional tags with all of the fields, which are not used in to pass them forward..

    But in case I have many fields, for example – 30, I would have to create a lot of hidden fields…

    Second one is, Using @SessionAttributes & SessionStatus.isComplete(). In this way suppose user not called save action & navigates the another page in edit mode then Will the model stay in the session forever? Will it ever get cleaned out, or will the session keep growing larger and larger as the user navigates the site?

    What solution do you think would be the best?

    Code :

    @RequestMapping(value = “/edit/{id}”, method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String editGuest(@PathVariable Long id, Model model) {
    model.addAttribute(“guest”, guestService.getById(id));
    return “guest/new”;

    @RequestMapping(value = “/”, method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String saveGuest(@Valid Guest guest, BindingResult bindingResult) {
    if (bindingResult.hasErrors()) {
    return “guest/new”;
    Guest savedGuest = guestService.save(guest);
    return “redirect:/guests/show/” + savedGuest.getId();

  26. Venkatesh Dorai says:

    Hi i am looking for sample spring boot rest service with method interceptor implementation. I tried a lot..but no success.

  27. Maqbul FIda Hussain says:

    Its good but if write own tutorials with real time example its beneficial for all but thanks to give overview about the new technology .

  28. Sachin Walia says:

    I don’t agree that it takes a long time to convert to convert existing apps to Spring Boot. I have converted regular Spring 3.x apps (3 Spring applications) to Spring boot and it was just matter of 1-2 hours. These apps were fairly complex. one thing we followed throughout the lifecycle of pre-spring boot were to completely shun XML based configuration and that really reduced our conversion time.

    Moreover I have also converted few Play framework 2.4 based apps to Spring Boot and that was a little big undertaking ~3 days. But it was still worth in my opinion.

    1. john says:

      I agree with the author. It would take weeks if not months to convert a real enterprise app to Spring Boot.

      You sir must be a guru

      1. Rambabu says:

        Hi John, Thanks for reading my tutorials. I’m planning to deliver a tutorial on “How to develop Microservices using Spring Boot”. Will that make sense for you.


  29. Josh Long says:

    I like this tutorial, but you misspoke when you say it’s to reduce the time compared to Spring framework. The goal is to reduce time compared to ALL technologies (on the JVM, in the Ruby or Node.js or .NET landscapes, etc.). In this, we have succeeded. 馃檪

    1. Mark says:

      Josh, I totally agree. I have done .NET along side Java since, well, .NET came out. There is NOTHING like this in the .NET world. You can go to each .NET shop and they have their own “framework” just trying to do the basics of what Spring Framework does and each shop is using a different DI/IoC tool and ORM. Each app can dump half the code (and all their custom framework) by switching to Boot. Oh and get more (like metrics and health and ….).

  30. venkatesh says:

    Awesome tutorial for introduction of spring boot and ease to understand
    Its helpful to us if you provide more tutorials

    1. Rambabu says:

      Thanks, Find my full tutorials here. Let me know if you need anything more.

      Introduction to Spring Boot https://www.journaldev.com/7969/introduction-to-spring-boot
      Key Components and Internals of Spring Boot Framework https://www.journaldev.com/7989/key-components-and-internals-of-spring-boot-framework
      Spring Boot CLI Setup and HelloWorld Example https://www.journaldev.com/8195/spring-boot-cli-setup-and-helloworld-example
      Spring Boot Initilizr Web Interface https://www.journaldev.com/8225/spring-boot-initilizr-web-interface
      Spring Boot Initilizr With IDEs or IDE Plugins https://www.journaldev.com/8596/spring-boot-initilizr-with-ides-or-ide-plugins
      Spring Boot Initilizr With Spring Boot CLI https://www.journaldev.com/8609/spring-boot-initilizr-with-spring-boot-cli
      Spring Boot Initilizr With ThirdParty Tools https://www.journaldev.com/8650/spring-boot-initilizr-with-thirdparty-tools
      Spring Boot Framework In A Nutshell https://www.journaldev.com/8611/spring-boot-framework-ina-nutshell

      Rambabu Posa

      1. Subramanyam says:

        Hi Rambabu,

        Can you please provide me one example, spring Boot with Restful webservices ?


        1. Rambabu says:

          Thanks for reading my tutorials. I’m preparing another series of posts on “Spring Microservices with Spring, Spring Boot, Spring Cloud etc”.
          It takes some more time to deliver all those posts. Please stay tune to my future Spring Boot posts.


  31. venkat says:

    Awesome tutorial. You could have kept “Next” button after each and every tutorial to learn the technology in a sequence manner. This helps us a lot.. Thanks man 馃檪

    1. Rahul says:

      how to go to next tutorial from the current one.. any idea?

  32. Keshav Kumar says:

    Nice introduction

  33. Nilesh says:

    good introduction to know about Spring Boot.

  34. Dev says:

    Nice introduction

  35. Mahesh says:

    Nice Tutorial

    1. Raju says:

      hello every one i need small help,
      i want spring restful json object response code for excel file reading
      please help me out.

      1. Raju says:

        hello every one i need small help,
        i want spring restful json object response code for excel file reading
        please help me out.

        mail me on ngr.shakti@gmail.com

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